Five Fudaners Elected as Academician of CAS
On November 28th, the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) released its 2017 list of new members, inducting 61 Chinese and 16 foreign scholars. Two professors, Gong Xingao and Fan Jia, and two alumni, Zhang Donghui and Cai Ronggen, of Fudan University were elected as CAS Academicians. Meanwhile, Shen Zhixun, also a Fudan alumnus, was elected as Foreign Academician of CAS.
Professor at Department of Physics
Born in June, 1962, Gong Xingao is now a professor at the Department of Physics of Fudan University. He received his bachelor’s degree at Hunan Normal University, his master’s and doctor’s degree at Institute of Solid State Physics of the CAS. He is also a winner of the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars and a Member of the American Physical Society.
When researching on atomic bonding and cluster physics, Gong discovered that metallic bonds and covalent bonds co-exist in metallic elements, which broke the traditional understanding of this issue and inspired further experimental and theoretical studies. He also foresaw the hard-to-soft transition of nanotubes and proposed a power law for their pressures and diameters. He elucidated the material properties of a series of quaternary semiconductors and eliminated the long-existed confusion about their structures and band gaps. His plan to optimize the performance of solar cells with quaternary semiconductors was adopted by more than 20 research groups around the world, making significant contribution to the competitiveness of this new type of thin-film solar cells. Also, his pioneering work on the NPT molecular dynamics method for finite systems and the accurate calculation method of band laid the groundworks for further studies. All his works have demonstrated the essential role of computation in physics.
Gong is a pioneer of computational physics in China. He has produced many systematic and original research results in innovative computational methods, cluster physics, multinary compound semiconductors, and etc. He has published 265 papers on SCI journals with 8,500 external citation and an h-index of 52. Projects with him as Principal Investigator have been granted the second-class of National Natural Science Award in 2012 and have received the first prize at ministerial or provincial level for two times in 2009 and 2014 respectively. He also serves in multiple important positions including Director of Committee on Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics and Statistical Physics of Chinese Physics Society and Director of Committee on Computational Materials Science of Chinese Materials Research Society.
President of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University
Fan Jia is Professor, Chief Physician, Doctoral Supervisor and President of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University. He also holds the positions of Standing Vice Director of Liver Cancer Research Institute, Director of Fudan University Organ Transplantation Research Institute, Director of Shanghai Liver Neoplasm Clinical Medical Centre, Director of Shanghai Liver Cancer Institute, Standing Director of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association, and Standing Director of Chinese Medical Association. National May 1st Labor Medal, Outstanding Individual of “Excel in the Performance” Campaign of National Medical and Health System, Top Ten Outstanding Science and Technology Workers of China, Top Ten Most Popular Doctors in China, Prize for Scientific and Technological Progress in Medical Sciences and Materia Medica of Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation, Tan Jiazhen Life Science Award in Clinical Medicine, Excellent Teacher Award of Baosteel Education Award, Outstanding Hospital President, President of Outstanding Hospital by Chinese Hospital Association, Shanghai May 1st Labor Medal, Top Ten Outstanding Doctors in Shanghai, Model Professional of the Year of Shanghai, Scientific and Technological Elite of Shanghai, First Team of Leading Talents of Shanghai, Leader of Outstanding Disciplines of Shanghai, Outstanding Young Expert of the Ministry of Health, and Experts with Special Government Allowances of the State Council are among the awards that he has received.
Being a top doctor in his field, Fan has successfully performed more than 9,000 operations of liver tumor resection and over 1,800 operations of liver transplantation, some of which are of high complexity, including the first adult-to-child partial liver transplant using excised abandoned liver tissue, the first combined transplantation of liver and heart in an Asian adult, the first robot-assisted living donner liver transplant in Asia and the first split liver transplantation operation in China. He has cured a great number of patients with liver cancer at the advanced or terminal stage. He has won the first and the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award for four times, the first prize of Natural Science Award of the Ministry of Education, and the first and the second prize of science and technology at ministerial or provincial level for ten times. He has published more than 500 papers, over 290 of which are on SCI journals.
Class of 1989, Department of Physics
Born in 1967 in Zhejiang Province, Zhang Donghui won many top prizes in Physics Olympiads at national, provincial and municipal levels in his high school years. Due to his outstanding performance in physics, he was exempted from the College Entrance Exam and was directly admitted by Department of Physics of Fudan University. He graduated in 1989 and later received his Ph.D. at Department of Physics of New York University in 1994. He had worked as a postdoctoral research associate in New York University and University of Chicago. In 1997, he started his teaching career at the Department of Computational Science of National University of Singapore, and in 2004, he was offered professorship in Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics.
During his time in Fudan University, Zhang passed the CUSPEA (China-US Physics Examination and Application), an examination and admission system sponsored by Nobel Laureate in Physics Tsung-Dao Lee, and was grated the chance to pursue a Ph.D. degree in the US. His research focus was on the study of quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. In 1993, he achieved a breakthrough in his doctoral research by applying the time-dependent quantum scattering calculation to atomic reactions. He graduated in the following year with the highest honor that the College of Arts and Science of New York University had to offer to the graduates. He had won the Young Scientist Award of Singapore in 2000, the National Science Award of Singapore in 2003, the Joint Research Fund for Overseas Chinese, Hong Kong and Macao Young Scientists of the National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2003, and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China in 2006. Professor Zhang is devoted to developing efficient theoretical and new computational methodologies to study the atomic and molecular dynamics, reactions and energy transference on the surface of gases, clusters, solids, and biomolecules.
Ph.D. Class of 1995, Department of Physics
Cai Ronggen received his Ph.D. degree in the June of 1995 at Fudan University. Thereafter, he conducted the study of theoretical physics successively at the Institute of Theoretical Physics of the CAS from July 1995 to June 1997, the Center for Theoretical Physics of Seoul National University from July 1997 to June 1999, and the Physics Department of Osaka University from September 1999 to August 2001.
Cai’s research interests mainly include the holographic nature of gravity, black hole physics, quantum gravity theory, relativistic astrophysics, gravitational wave theory, the exact test of gravitational theory, inflation model, dark matter, dark energy, large-scale structure of the universe, and etc. He has published nearly 200 papers with more than 8,000 citations in fields like gravitational theory, cosmology, quantum field theory, superstring theory, black hole physics, quantum field theory in curved space-time, the holographic nature of gravity and the study of early universe. He was enrolled in the Hundred Talents Program of the CAS (a program to support talented Chinese scholars who had studied abroad) at the end of 2000. He was granted the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars in 2003. He was nominated as a national candidate for the New Century National Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Talents Project in 2006. He also received Special Government Allowances of the State Council in the same year. In 2011, He was awarded the second prize of National Natural Science Award.
Class of 1983, Department of Physics
Graduated in 1983 from Department of Physics of Fudan University, Shen Zhixun is now Paul Pigott Professor in Physical Sciences and tenured Professor of the Physics Department and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. He became Member of the National Academy of Sciences on April 29th, 2015. On April 12th, 2017, he was elected as Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He served as Director of the Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, founding Director of the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, Chief Scientist of SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and Member of Basic Energy Science Advisory Committee United States Department of Energy. Under his wing came many doctoral and postdoctoral students who are now visible in academic, industrial and governmental areas around the globe, including professors at nearly 40 universities like UC Berkeley, Cornell, Princeton, Oxford and etc., directors of 2 National Key Laboratories of Fudan University and the CAS, and CEOs of 3 high-tech companies.
Having conducted many groundbreaking researches in condensed matter physics and complex materials, Shen is acknowledged by the international academic society as a top expert in his fields. His first prominent international award on superconductivity is H. Kamerlingh Onnes Prize in 2000. In 2009, he became the fourth Chinese scientist after Ding Zhaozhong, Li Yuanzhe and Liu Jinchuan to receive Ernest Olando Lawrence Award presented by United State Department of Energy on behalf of the US President. The highest honor in condensed matter physics, Oliver Buckley Condensed Matter Physics Prize, was given to him by American Physical Society in 2011. The CAS granted him the Einstein Professorship two years later. These are among the most significant international honors that he has achieved in physics.
（Cover picture by Yin Yirou）
Author: 吴韵瑶Wu Yunyao